Research

List of papers in Monthly report研究・論文一覧

  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol. 83 (March 2020)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Outlook: Kansai’s economy is likely to remain on a downward trajectory

    ▶  Production: Although production increased in January, it has not recovered from the October-November slump.
    ▶  International trade: In February, Kansai’s trade deficit turned into a surplus due to the slump in imports from coronavirus-hit China.
    ▶  Business confidence: The Economy Watcher DI in February reached its lowest level since April 2011 (after the Great East Japan Earthquake).
    ▶  Wages: Both nominal and real wages kept declining in December.
    ▶  Labor market: In January, the job offers-to-applicants ratio deteriorated, and the unemployment rate increased.
    ▶  Private Consumption: Department store and supermarket sales in January kept declining. Duty-free sales plunged -71.9% in February.
    ▶  Housing: The number of new housing starts decreased in January.
    ▶  Construction: Construction investments kept expanding in January, but the growth is decelerating. The contract amount for public works projects in February decreased.
    ▶   Inbound tourism: Due to the impact of the coronavirus, the number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in February slumped -66.0% year-on-year.
    ▶  Chinese economy: Coronavirus-hit China saw its manufacturing PMI drop to a historic low of 35.7 in February, a level lower than the one registered during the Global Financial Crisis.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (February 2020)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ Most major economic indicators deteriorated in January, including residential construction, capital goods shipments, private capital investment, exports, imports, and large retailers’ sales. Inventories piled up as industrial production increased slightly. The recovery in production, however, has been slow since the consumption tax hike last October.

    2020 Q1 Forecasts
    ▶ Our forecast for 2020 Q1 real GDP growth is an annualized -0.3% QoQ.
    ▶ We forecast an overall GDP deflator of -0.0% QoQ in 2020 Q1.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol. 82 (February 2020)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Kansai’s economy is deteriorating but likely to level off

    ▶  Production: Production in December increased for the first time in three months. However, overall Q4 production registered the largest decline since the Global Financial Crisis.
    ▶  International trade: In January, Kansai logged a trade deficit. Both exports and imports kept shrinking.
    ▶  Business confidence: The Economy Watcher DI improved in January. However, concerns about the economic impact of the coronavirus epidemic are growing.
    ▶  Wages: Both nominal and real wages kept declining in November.
    ▶  Labor market: In December, the effective job offers-to-applicants ratio improved, but the unemployment rate increased.
    ▶  Private Consumption: Large retailers’ sales kept declining in December. The recovery from the consumption tax hike in October is taking longer than it did in after the tax hike in April 2014.
    ▶  Housing: Although the number of new housing starts in December increased for the first time in five months, 2019 saw an overall decline.
    ▶  Construction: Construction investments marked the the 22st straight month of expansion in December. The contract amount for public works projects in January increased in all prefectures.
    ▶   Inbound tourism: The number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in January increased for the first time in two months. The impact of the coronavirus is yet to be felt.
    ▶  Chinese economy: The release of key statistics has been delayed due to the coronavirus outbreak. Excluding the Hubei province, factories across China are gradually resuming operations. Concerns about the future of the Chinese economy are growing.

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  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (January 2020)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ All major economic indicators deteriorated in 2019 Q4, including industrial production, plannned residential construction, capital goods shipments, private capital investment, exports, imports, and large retailers’ revenues.
    ▶ Inventories piled up due to the reactionary fall in demand after the consumption tax hike in October.

    2019 Q4 Forecasts
    ▶ Our forecast for 2019 Q4 real GDP growth is an annualized -4.4% QoQ.
    ▶ We forecast an overall GDP deflator of +0.1% QoQ in 2019 Q4.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol. 81 (January 2020)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Kansai’s economy is deteriorating but likely to level off

    ▶  Production: Production declined for the second consecutive month in November.
    ▶  International trade: Although Kansai logged a trade surplus in December, both exports and imports kept shrinking.
    ▶  Business confidence: The Economy Watcher DI improved in December. Hopwever, it remains low.
    ▶  Wages: Both nominal and real wages kept declining in October.
    ▶  Labor market: In November, the effective job offers-to-applicants ratio deteriorated. Although the unemployment rate decreased , the labor force population shrank for the first time in two months.
    ▶  Consumption: Large retailers’ revenues kept declining in November. The effect of the consumption tax hike has not worn off completely.
    ▶  Housing: The number of new housing starts in November decreased for the fourth month in a row.
    ▶  Construction: Construction investments marked the the 21st straight month of expansion in November.
    ▶   Inbound tourism:  The number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in December declined for the first time in 15 months.
    ▶  Chinese economy: China’s GDP expanded +6.1% in 2019, reaching the lower bound of the government’s target. Although China and the US signed a “phase one” trade deal in January 2020, structural problems will remain a major issue.

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  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (December 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ There was a major upward revision in Japan’s 2019 Q3 real GDP growth (+0.2%→+1.8% QoQ, annualized). The updated official figure coincides with APIR’s initial forecast.
    ▶ However, Q4 looks gloomy. The October-November averages of industrial production indices, plannned dwelling construction, capital goods shipments, exports, imports, and sales by large retailers all declined relative to the Q3 averages.

    2019 Q4 Forecasts
    ▶ Our forecast for Q4 real GDP growth is an annualized -4.5% QoQ (a downward revision from our previous forecast).
    ▶ We forecast an overall GDP deflator of +0.1% QoQ in Q4 (no change from our previous forecast).

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol. 80 (December 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Kansai’s economy is deteriorating but likely to level off

    ▶  Production: Production in October declined after expanding in September.
    ▶  International trade: Although Kansai logged a trade surplus in November, exports and imports kept shrinking.
    ▶  Business confidence: The DI improved in November but it remains low.
    ▶  Wages: Both nominal and real wages kept declining in September.
    ▶  Labor market: The number of job openings decreased and unemployment increased in October.
    ▶  Consumption: Large retailers’ revenues in October slumped after the consumption tax hike.
    ▶  Housing: The number of new housing starts in October declined.
    ▶  Construction: The monetary value of construction investments in October kept rising.
    ▶   Inbound tourism: International arrivals at KIX in November grew despite the decline in Korean visitor numbers.
    ▶  Chinese economy: China’s PMI improved in November, surpassing the cutoff level of 50 for the first time in seven months. However, the future outlook remains unclear.

     

     

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  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (November 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ Japan’s Q3 real GDP expanded an annualized +0.2% QoQ, well below expectations.
    ▶ In October, industrial production, plannned dwelling construction, capital goods shipments, real exports and imports all declined. Retail sales shrank by -14.4%, more than they did after the previous tax hike.

    Q4 Forecasts
    ▶ Our forecast for Q4 real GDP growth is an annualized -3.2%.
    ▶ We forecast an overall GDP deflator of +0.1% QoQ in Q4.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol.79 (November 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: The economy is deteriorating but likely to level off

    ▶ Production: Kansai’s Q3 production expanded YoY for the first time in three quarters.
    ▶  Nominal wages in Osaka, Kyoto and Hyogo prefectures increased, but real wages kept declining.
    ▶  Internatinoal trade: Kansai logged a trade surplus in October. However, both exports and imports shrank YoY.
    ▶  Business confidence: The October Diffusion Index dropped to 39.9, reflecting the reactionary fall after the rush demand in September.
    ▶  Construction: The number of new housing starts declined, but construction volume expanded YoY in Q3.
    ▶  Labor market: Nominal and real wages kept declining in August. The number of new job openings decreased and unemployment increased in September.
    ▶   Inbound sector: International arrivals at Kansai International Airport grew slightly YoY in October.
    ▶  Chinese economy: China’s PMI in October deteriorated to 49.3. Production, domestic consumption and fixed capital investment all saw decelerating growth rates. China’s international trade volume kept shrinking.

     

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  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (October 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ The Q3 index of industrial production declined for the first time in two quarters.
    ▶ Rush demand before the consumption tax hike is evident in September data on retail sales, which saw robust growth.
    ▶ Both planned residential construction expenditure and capital goods shipments increased in Q3.
    ▶ Q3 real net exports expanded.

     

    Forecasts
    ▶ Our forecast for Q3 real GDP growth is an annualized +0.9%. This forecast is likely to be revised upwards once September data on private final consumption is released.
    ▶ We forecast an overall GDP deflator of +0.2% QoQ in Q3.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (September 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ The index of industrial production in August declined for the first time in two months (-1.2% MoM).
    ▶ Rush demand before the consumption tax hike this year seems limited compared to the previous tax hike in 2014.
    ▶ Both planned residential construction expenditure and capital goods shipments increased in July-August.
    ▶ Real net exports expanded.

     

    Forecasts
    ▶ We forecast real GDP growth (expenditure side) of +0.6% QoQ in Q3, or +1.4% if annualized. The production-side forecast is an annualized +2.6%. The average of the two forecasts is an annualized +2.0%.
    ▶ We expect that the reactionary fall after the tax hike this year will be milder than it was five years ago.
    ▶ We forecast an overall GDP deflator of +0.1% QoQ in Q3.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol.77 (September 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Further economic deterioration in sight
    ▶ Production in July expanded MoM for the first time in two months.
    ▶ Although Kansai logged a trade surplus in August, the total trade volume kept declining. The slowdown of the Chinese economy had a major negative impact. In contrast, the impact of trade tensions with Korea remains limited to individual firms.
    ▶ The Economy Watchers’ Diffusion Index (DI) in August improved MoM for the first time in four months.
    ▶ Nominal wages in June increased in Shiga, Hyogo and Kyoto, but declined in Nara and Wakayama.
    ▶ Sales by large retailers in July fell below last year’s level for the first time in three months.
    ▶ Housing construction expanded due to rush demand, but the increase was modest compared to the one seen before the previous tax hike in 2014.
    ▶ The effective job offers-to-applicants ratio in July declined slightly. The unemployment rate declined to 2.4%.
    ▶ July was the 17th month of uninterrupted YoY growth in public construction works.
    ▶ The number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in August grew YoY for the 11th consecutive month. However, growth decelerated to +4.9% (from +15.5% in July) due to the deterioration in Korea-Japan relations.
    ▶ China’s economic slowdown become more evident in August. Car sales kept declining (-8.1% YoY), and investment in the industrial sector decelerated significantly. China’s total trade volume shrank for the fourth consecutive month.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (August 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Data updates
    ▶ Q2 real GDP grew an annualized +1.8% QoQ, expanding for the third consecutive quarter.
    ▶ The consumption goods production index in July fell -0.3% compared to the Q2 average. In contrast, the capital goods production index in July increased +2.0% compared to the Q2 average.
    ▶ Compared to the Q2 average, real exports and real imports in July grew +2.1% and +1.1%, respectively. As a result, net exports expanded.
    ▶ The national Consumer Price Index (CPI) in July increased +0.6%YoY, expanding for the 31st consecutive month.

    Forecasts
    ▶ Our forecast for Q3 real GDP growth (expenditure side) is +0.6% QoQ, or +2.6% if annualized. The production-side forecast is an annualized +2.7%.
    ▶ We forecast an overall Q3 GDP deflator of +0.2% QoQ.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol.76 (August 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Further economic deterioration in sight

    ・ Production in June shrank MoM for the first time in three months.
    ・ Although Kansai logged a trade surplus in July, the total amount of trade declined YoY for the eighth consecutive month. The impact of the trade tensions with Korea are limited to individual firms rather than industries.
    ・ The Economy Watchers’ Diffusion Index (DI) in July deteriorated MoM for the third consecutive month.
    ・ Nominal wages in May remained unchanged, but real wages decreased YoY for the third consecutive month.
    ・ Sales by large retailers in June exceeded last year’s level for the second month in a row.
    ・ The number of new housing starts in June contracted by -3.6% YoY, decreasing for the third consecutive month.
    ・ Both the effective job offers-to-applicants ratio and the unemployment declined slightly in June.
    ・ June was the 16th month of uninterrupted YoY growth in construction works.
    ・ The number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in June grew YoY for the tenth consecutive month.
    ・ China’s Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) in July improved slightly, but it remained below 50 for the third month in a row.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (July 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    ▶ We forecast a real annualized GDP growth of +1.5% in Q2 (expenditure side). The production-side forecast is an annualized +2.1%.

    ▶ Q2 GDP growth was mainly driven by domestic demand, while net exports are expected to have made a negative contribution.

    ▶ The latest official figures suggest a robust increase in production, consumption and capital investment in Q2. However, this might be temporary, as the forecasts from the past month suggest a growth deceleration trend.

    ▶ Q2 CPI inflation is expected to have decelerated to a modest +0.1% QoQ. We forecast an overall GDP deflator of -0.1% QoQ.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol.75 (July 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Further economic deterioration in sight

    ・ Production in May expanded MoM for the second month in a row.
    ・ Although Kansai registered a trade surplus for the first time in two months in June, both exports and imports shrank YoY.
    ・ The Economy Watchers’ Diffusion Index (DI)  in June deteriorated MoM for the second consecutive month.
    ・ Both nominal and real wages in April decreased YoY for the second consecutive month.
    ・ Sales by large retailers in May expanded YoY for the first time in two months.
    ・ The number of new housing starts in May plummeted sharply (-27.5% YoY), decreasing for the second consecutive month.
    ・ Although the effective job offers-to-applicants ratio in May declined slightly, the absolute numbers of both job offers and applicants increased. The unemployment rate remained unchanged.
    ・ Construction works in May expanded YoY for the 15th month in a row. However, public works contracts declined.
    ・ The number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in June grew YoY for the ninth month in a row.
    ・ China’s Q2 real GDP expanded +6.2% YoY, the slowest growth rate since 1992.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (June 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    ▶ Despite the small upward revision in Q1real GDP official estimates, there are reasons for concern as the  demand-side GDP components all declined QoQ. Growth was mainly driven by the expansion in private inventory changes and shrinking imports.

    ▶ Contrary to our expectations of an economic recoil following the long holidays, May data showed a robust increase in production. However, this might be temporary.

    ▶ Regarding Q2, we forecast a real annualized GDP growth of +0.2% (expenditure side). The production-side forecast is an annualized +0.6%. The forecasts from the past month suggest a growth deceleration trend.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol.74 (June 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Current economic deterioration expected to persist

    • Production in April expanded MoM for the first time in six months, but output was -0.5% lower than the Q1 average.
    • Kansai registered a trade deficit in May for the first time in four months. Both exports and imports shrank YoY.
    • The Economy Watchers’ Diffusion Index (DI) in May deteriorated MoM for the first time in two months.
    • Both nominal and real wages in March decreased YoY for the first time in three months.
    • Sales by large retailers in April shrank YoY for the first time in two months.
    • The number of new housing starts in April decreased YoY for the first time in two months.
    • The job offers-to-applicants ratio in April increased slightly. The unemployment rate remained unchanged.
    • Construction works in April expanded for the 14th consecutive month.
    • The number of international arrivals at Kansai International Airport in May grew YoY for the eighth month in a row.
    • China’s Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) in May deteriorated for the second consecutive month.
    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Japanese Economy Monthly Forecast (May 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(JP)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    ▶ Although real GDP in Q1 expanded for the second consecutive quarter, there are reasons for concern as the  demand-side GDP components declined QoQ. Growth was mainly driven by the expansion in private inventory changes and declining imports.

    ▶ For Q2, we forecast real annualized GDP growth of +0.9% (expenditure side). The production-side forecast is an annualized +1.2%. The forecasts from the past three weeks, however, suggest a negative trend. We forecast a GDP deflator of -0.0% QoQ in Q2.

    PDF
  • INADA, Yoshihisa

    Kansai Economic Insight Monthly Vol.73 (May 2019)

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast

    Asia Pacific Economic Forecast » Monthly Report(Kansai)

     / DATE : 

    AUTHOR : 
    INADA, Yoshihisa / KARAVASILEV, Yani

    ABSTRACT

    Summary: Economy remains sluggish with signs of potential deterioration

    • Production in March shrank MoM for the first time in two months.
    • The April trade balance remained positive for the third month in a row, but it shrank YoY.
    • The Economy Watchers’ DI in March improved MoM for the first time in two months.
    • Real wages in February increased YoY for the second month in a row.
    • Sales by large retailers in March expanded for the first time in five months.
    • New housing starts in March increased YoY for the first time in two months.
    • The effective job offers-to-applicants ratio in March remained unchanged.
    • March was the 13th month of uninterrupted YoY growth in construction.
    • International arrivals at KIX in April grew YoY for the seventh month in a row.
    • China’s PMI in April deteriorated for the first time in two months.
    PDF